Effect of Interval Mode versus Continuous Mode of Aerobic Exercise on Cholesterol level Profile in Essential Hypertensive Patients

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Cardiovascular / Respiratory Disorders and Geriatrics, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza , Egypt

2 Department of Cardiology , Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni Suef , Egypt

3 Department of Cardiology , Faculty of Medicine, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef , Egypt

Abstract

Background: It has been proposed that regular physical activity can alleviate hypertension and lead to improvements in lipid profiles.
Aim of the study: This study was conducted to assess the impact of interval versus continuous mode of moderate aerobic exercise on Cholesterol level in essential hypertensive patients.
Subjects and methods: A total of 60 males suffering from high blood pressure, their ages ranging between 55 to 65 years old, were randomly selected for this research from the internal medicine department at the third district medical center in Badr city. They were randomly assigned into two equal groups, and each group consisted of 30 patients. Group (A) consisted of 30 males, who exercised interval mode of moderate aerobic training two times/week for three months, each session lasting for 42 min, Group (B) consisted of 30 males, who exercised continuous mode of aerobic training two times/week for three months, each session lasted for 40 min. Total Cholesterol, body mass index (BMI), Borg rating of perceived exertion (BRPE), systole, and diastole blood pressure were assessed pre-and post-treatment for both groups.
Results: The results demonstrated a significant improvement in both groups. Therefore, it could be concluded that both the interval mode of moderate aerobic training and the continuous mode of moderate aerobic training were effective in improving Cholesterol, BMI, BRPE, systole, and diastole blood pressure levels in hypertensive patients. However, the decrease in total cholesterol (TC) was more in Group (A) than in Group (B).
Conclusion: It is possible to deduce that both interval and continuous modes of moderate aerobic exercise have an effect on cholesterol of essential hypertensive patients.

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