Document Type : Original Article
Idko Central Hospital, Damanhour, Egypt.
Department of Physical Therapy for Cardiovascular Respiratory Disorder and Geriatrics, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Consultant Internal Medicine Alexandria University Ministry of Health, Egypt.
Background: Numerous symptoms of hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid, include fatigue, joint discomfort, heart palpitations, and sadness. Additionally, hypothyroidism slows down metabolism in general, increasing a person's risk of weight gain. Exercise helps increase muscle mass and cardiovascular health while easing many hypothyroidism symptoms.
Objective: This research examines the influence of Pilates and aerobic exercise on depression, life' quality, and functional capacity in women diagnosed with hypothyroidism.
Methods: Sixty adult women with a history of controlled primary hypothyroidism were randomly subdivided into three groups (A, B, C ). Group(A)(n=25) received Pilates in addition to medication and nutritional advice, Group(B) (n=25) received aerobic exercises in addition to medication and nutritional advice. Group(C), the control group (n=10), received medication and nutritional advices only. The assessment of functional capacity involved the measurement of the 6-minute Walk Distance, quality of life was assessed by the SF-36 scale, and depression was evaluated by Primary care Screening Questionnaire for Depression PSQ4D.
Results: 6-minute Walk Distance and SF-36 scale significantly elevated (p≤ 0.05), and primary care screening questionnaire for depression (p≤ 0.05), the scores of the three groups exhibited a significant decrease when compared to the baseline. The results of the inter-group comparison proved that both group A and group B exhibited significantly greater scores compared to group C in relation to the final 36-Item Short Form Survey scale, 6-minute Walk Distance, and primary care screening questionnaire for depression.