Factors influencing constipation in community dwelling older adults in Beni-Suef: a cross-sectional study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Community health nursing,; Tanta university, Egypt

2 Community Health Nursing; 6 October University ,Egypt

3 CHN Department- Nursing-Beni-Suef University-Egypt

4 4Medical surgical nursing/ college of Nursing Jouf University, Saudi Arabia

5 Faculty of Nursing Cairo University, Egypt

6 Assistant Professor of Physical Therapy for neuromuscular disorder and its surgery Department of Occupational therapy NILES, Beni-suef, Egypt,

7 (6) Community Health Nursing Department- Damanhour University, Egypt- Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Saudi Electronic University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia


Constipation is a highly prevalent functional gastrointestinal problem among older adults, as a major needs\problems developed with ageing changes and should aimed by geriatric nurse. Aim of study: The aim was to identify the factors influencing chronic constipation among community dwelling older adults. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted in outpatient clinic beni-suef university hospitals & two Geriatric Social Clubs in Beni-Suef city on 100 older adults suffering from constipation in the setting. A structured interview questionnaire sheet, developed by the researcher, was used to collect data. It comprised the three parts. Part I: Socio-demographic data, Part II: Medical history: chronic diseases, regular medications, ‎teeth condition, sleep, practice of exercise, dietary habits, and intake of fluids Part III: Details of the constipation problem: chronicity, ‎defecation regularity, frequency, duration, pain, and associated changes. Results: The sample had equal gender distribution.Statistically significant relations between older adults’ chronic constipation problem and their bowel habits. It shows that the problem is significantly more prevalent among those having no regular bowel habits (p<0.001), hard/loose stools (p<0.001), painful defecation (p<0.001), and it increases with the frequency (p=0.02) and duration of defecation (p<0.001). Conclusion: chronic constipation problem was more prevalent among those having bad teeth, no good sleep, no regular exercise, and non-healthy cooking. Recommendations: Studying factors influencing constipation and modifying their lifestyle using educational interventions by geriatric nurse in various community and healthcare settings. Further research is proposed by community nurses to replicate this study using a stronger longitudinal design for more evidence.